The Troth

Lore Program Bibliography


Books and Articles Arranged in Alphabetical Order by Author

BOLD FACE Indicates Lore Program Required Reading (though not all books in bold are required, as there is some choice in what may be read – e.g. multiple translations of the Eddas)


Note: This bibliography is presented to The Troth’s members as a resource for their own studies. It represents the current list of books cited by the Lore Program for its students. It is by no means exhaustive – scholarship never is. At the same time, some of these works are controversial, or contain errors. This is also the nature of published scholarship, and while the Lore Program has done its best to weed out the more egregious works, a listing here should NOT indicate that Lore Program members necessarily agree with its work, nor that it is infallible. Critical thinking is an essential part of scholarship, so there are works here which require that skill to navigate. Finally, no bibliography such as this should ever be considered final – it is the intention of the Lore Program to update this bibliography as new books are published, books are rendered obsolete, and so forth.


Abram, Christopher. Myths of the North: the Gods of the Norsemen. London: Continuum, 2011.

Aðalsteinsson, Jón Hnefill. A Piece of Horse Liver: Myth, Ritual, and Folklore in Old Icelandic. Trans. Terry Gunnell and Joan Turville-Petre. Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan: 1998.

Adam of Bremen. History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen. Francis T. Tschan, trans. New York: Columbia UP, 2002.

Alexander, Michael, trans. The Earliest English Poems. Hammondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1966.

Algeo, John and Thomas Pyles. The Origins and Development of the English Language. 5th ed. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.

Anderson, Rasmus. Norse Mythology; or the Religion of Our Forefathers. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and Co., 1907. (Note: Good example of the Victorian perspective.)

Arnold, Martin. The Vikings: Culture and Conquest. London: Hambledon Continuum, 2006.

Asala, Joanne, Ed. Norwegian Proverbs. Iowa City: Penfield P., 1994.

Aswynn, Freya. Northern Mysteries and Magick: Runes, Gods, and Feminine Powers. 2nd ed Saint Paul: Llewellyn Publications, 1998.

Attwood, Katrina C, et al, trans. The Sagas of the Icelanders: A Selection. Örnólfur Thorsson, ed. London: Penguin, 2000.

Barnes, Michael and Anthony Faulkes. A New Introduction to Old Norse. London: Viking Society for Northern Research, 2007. Available at: (Note: Be sure to download all four parts).

Bauschatz, Paul C. The Well and the Tree: World and Time in Early Germanic Culture. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1982.

Bede. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Leo Shirley-Price and D. H. Farmer, Trans. London: Penguin, 1990.

Bek-Pedersen, Karen. The Norns in Old Norse Mythology. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press Ltd., 2011.

Bellows, Henry Adams, trans. The Poetic Edda. Mineola: Dover Publications, 2004.

Blain, Jenny. Nine Worlds of Seid-Magic: Ecstasy and Neo-Shamanism in North European Paganism. London: Routledge, 2002.

Brantson, Brian. Gods of the North. Surrey: Thames and Hudson, 1980.

Brantson, Brian. The Lost Gods of England. New York: Oxford UP, 1974.

Brønstead, Johannes. The Vikings. London: Penguin, 1965.

Bury, J.B. The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000.

Byock, Jesse L. Viking Age Iceland. London: Penguin, 2001.

Byock, Jesse. Feud in the Icelandic Saga. Berkeley: U of California P, 1982.

Campbell, Dan and Anna Wiggins. Völuspá: A Dual-Language Edition with Complete Glossary. Hillsborough: Iðavelli Hof, 2011.

Campbell, Dan and Ben Waggoner. "Glópr and Fífl’s (very informal) Guide to Old Norse." Unpublished manuscript, 2009.

Chadwick, H. Munro. The Origin of the English Nation. Washington: Clivedeen P, 1983.

Chickering, Howell D., trans. Beowulf: a dual-language edition. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1977.

Chisholm, James Allen. The Eddas: the Keys to the Mysteries of the North. The Woodharrow Institute. 8 Aug 2011 <>.

Chisholm, James. Grove and Gallows: Greek and Latin Sources for Germanic Heathenism. Smithville: Rûna-Raven P, 2002.

Clover, Carol J. "Regardless of Sex: Men, Women, and Power in Early Northern Europe." Representations 44 (1993): 1-28.

Colum, Padraic. Nordic Gods and Heroes. New York: Dover Pub, 1996.

Cook, Robert, trans. Njal’s Saga. London: Penguin, 2001.

Crossley-Holland, Kevin. The Norse Myths. New York: Pantheon Books, 1980.

Culver, Jennifer, Ben Waggoner, and Lorrie Wood, editors. A Book of Blots: By Members of the Troth and Other Tru Folk. Berkeley: The Troth, 2004.

Delbrück, Hans and Walter J. Renfroe, Jr, trans. The Barbarian Invasions. The History of the Art of War. Vol. II. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1990.

Dowden, Ken. European Paganism: the Realities of Cult from Antiquity to the Middle Ages. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Dronke, Ursula. The Poetic Edda, Volume I: Heroic Poems. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969.

Dronke, Ursula. The Poetic Edda, Volume II: Mythological Poems. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Dronke, Ursula. The Poetic Edda, Volume III: Mythological Poems II. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Dubois, Thomas. Nordic Religions in the Viking Age. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.

Dumézil, Georges. From Myth to Fiction. Trans. Derek Coltman. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1973. (Note: Concerns Saxo specifically.)

Dumézil, Georges. Gods of the Ancient Northmen. Einar Haugen, ed. Berkeley: U of California P, 1973.

Dumézil, Georges. Mitra-Varuna. Trans. Derek Coltman. New York: Zone Books, 1988.

Dumézil, Georges. The Destiny of a Warrior. Trans. Alf Hiltebeitel. Chicago: U of Chicago O, 1970. (Note: Concerns Saxo and Starkaðr specifically.)

Dumézil, Georges. The Stakes of the Warrior. Trans. David Weeks. Berkeley: U of California P, 1983. (Note: Concerns Saxo amd Starkaðr specifically.)

Elliott, Ralph W.V. Runes: An Introduction. 2nd ed. New York: St. Martin’s P, 1989.

Ellis Davidson, H. R. Gods and Myths of the Viking Age. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1996.

Ellis Davidson, H. R. Myths and Symbols of Pagan Europe. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 1988. (Note: This is a Required Text for Section Three).

Ellis Davidson, H. R. Roles of the Northern Goddess. London: Routledge; 1998.

Ellis Davidson, H. R. The Lost Beliefs of Northern Europe. London: Routledge, 1993.

Ellis Davidson, H. R. The Road to Hel: A Study of the Conception of the Dead in Old Norse Literature. New York: Greenwood P, 1968.

Ellis Davidson, H. R. The Sword in Anglo-Saxon England: Its Archeology and Literature. Woodbridge: Boydell P, 1998.

Ellis-Davidson, H.R. Pagan Scandinavia. New York: Frederick A Praeger, 1967.

Enright, Michael J. Lady with a Mead Cup: Ritual Prophecy and Lordship in the European Warband from La Tene to the Viking Age. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1995.

Ferguson, Robert. The Vikings: a history. New York: Viking, 2009.

Fitzhugh, William W. and Elisabeth I. Ward, eds. Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga. Washington: Smithsonian Institution P, 2000.

Flowers, Stephen E, ed. A Concise Edition of Old English Runic Inscriptions. Smithville, Rûna-Raven P, 1999.

Flowers, Stephen E. and James A. Chisholm. A Source-Book of Seid: The Corpus of Old Icelandic Texts Dealing with Seid and Related Words. Smithville: Runa-Raven P, 2002.

Flowers, Stephen E. The Rune-Poems, Volume 1: Introduction, Texts, Translations and Glossary. Smithville: Rûna-Raven P, 2002.

Flowers, Stephen E., ed. The Secret of the Runes. Trans. Guido von List. Inner Traditions, 1988.

Flowers, Stephen E., The Galdrabók: An Icelandic Handbook of Magic. 2nd ed, rev. Smithville: Rûna- Raven P, 2005.

Foster, Mary H. and Mabel H. Cummings. Asgard Stories: Tales from Norse Mythology. New York: Silver, Burdett and Co, 1901. (Note: Good example of the Victorian perspective.)

Fox, Denton and Hermann Pálsson, trans. Grettir’s Saga. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1974.

Garman Lord. The Way of the Heathen: A Handbook of Greater Theodism. Watertown, Theod.

Garmonsway, G. N. and Jacqueline Simpson, trans. Beowulf and Its Analogues. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1971.

Garmonsway, G.N., trans. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. London: Everyman, 1994.

Glendening, P.J.T. Icelandic. Lincolnwood: Teach Yourself Books, 1993.

Glob, P.V. The Bog People: Iron Age Man Preserved. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1969. (Note: This book is outdated but still useful.)

Glob, P.V. The Mound People: Danish Bronze Age Man Preserved. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1974. (Note: this book is outdated but still useful).

Goodwin, William B. The Truth About Leif Ericsson and the Greenland Voyages. Boston: Meador Pub. Co., 1941. (Note: early discussion of the possibility that the Vikings discovered North America)

Gordon, E.V. An Introduction to Old Norse. 2nd ed. A.R. Taylor (revised). Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.

Grammaticus, Saxo. The History of the Danes: Books I-IX. Trans. Peter Fisher. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1996.

Green, D.H. Language and History in the Early Germanic World. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998.

Greer, John Michael. A World Full of Gods: An Inquiry into Polytheism. ADF Publishing, 2005.

Griffiths, Bill. Aspects of Ango-Saxon Magic. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 2003.

Grimm, Jacob. Teutonic Mythology. Volumes I – IV. Minnesota: Dover Pub., 2004.

Guerber, H.A. Myths of the Norsemen From the Eddas and Sagas. New York: Dover Pub, 1992. (Note: This particular text is often suspect, full of faults and assumptions that do not exist elsewhere in the original material. It appears here as an exercise in critical thinking – the student should examine this text in particular with a critical eye before determining its value as a resource.)

Gundarsson, Kveldulf. Elves, Wights, and Trolls: Studies Towards the Practice of Germanic Heathenry. Vol. 1. New York: iUniverse, 2007.

Gundarsson, KveldulfR Hagen. Teutonic Magic: The Magical and Spiritual Practices of the Germanic Peoples. St Paul: Llewellyn, 1990.

Gundarsson, KveldulfR Hagen. Teutonic Religion: Folk Beliefs and Practices of the Northern Tradition. St. Paul: Llewellyn, 1993.

Gundarsson, Kveldulfr, ed. Our Troth Volume One: History and Lore. 2nd ed. North Charleston: BookSurge., 2006.

Gundarsson, Kveldulfr, ed. Our Troth Volume Two. 2nd ed. North Charleston: BookSurge, 2007.

Halsall, Maureen. The Old English Rune Poem: a Critical Edition. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1981.

Hatto, A.T., trans. The Nibelungenlied. London: Penguin, 1969.

Haywood, John. Penguin Atlas of the Vikings. New York: Penguin, 1995.

Heaney, Seamus, trans. Beowulf. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2000.

Heather, Peter. Empires and Barbarians: the fall of Rome and the birth of Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Heather, Peter. Empires and Barbarians: The Fall of Rome and the Birth of Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Heather, Peter. The Goths. The Peoples of Europe. Malden: Blackwell Pub., 1998.

Hedeager, Lotte. Iron Age Myth and Materiality: An Archaeology of Scandinavia AD 400-1000. London: Routledge, 2011.

Herbert, Kathleen. Peace-Weavers and Shield-Maidens: Women in Early English Society. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 1997.

Hieatt, Constance, trans. Beowulf and Other Old English Poems. New York: Bantam Books, 1988.

Hollander, Lee M., trans. The Poetic Edda. 2nd ed. Austin: U of Texas P, 1962.

Ibn Fadlan. Travel Report as it Concerns the Scandinavian Rus. Stephen E. Flowers, trans. Smithville: Rûna-Raven P, 1998.

Jackson, Elizabeth. "Eddic Listing Techniques and the Coherence of "Rúnatal"." alvíssmál 5 (1995): 81-106. 21 August 2011 <>.

Jackson, Elizabeth. "'Scáro á scíði ørlög seggia': The Composition of Völuspá 20 and the Implications of the Hauksbók Variant." alvíssmál 9 (1999): 73-88. 21 August 2011 <>.

James, Edward. The Franks. The Peoples of Europe. James Cambpell and Barry Cunliffe, eds. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Jesch, Judith. Women in the Viking Age. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1991.

Jochens, Jenny. Old Norse Images of Women. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

Jochens, Jenny. Women in Old Norse Society. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1995.

Jones, Prudence and Nigel Pennick. A History of Pagan Europe. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1995. (Note: Use caution and confirm all cited facts within via alternate sources before making final analyses).

König, Ekkehard and Johan Van Der Auwera, eds. The Germanic Languages. London: Routledge, 1994.

Kummer, S. A. Rune Magic. Edred Thorsson, trans. Austin: Rûna-Raven, 1993.

Kvideland, Reimund and Henning K. Sehmsdorf, eds. Scandinavian Folk Belief and Legend. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1988.

La Farge, Beatrice and John Tucker. Glossary to the Poetic Edda: based on Hans Kuhn's Kurzes Wörterbuch. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universtätsverlag, 1992.

Lafayllve, Patricia. Freyja, Lady, Vanadis: An Introduction to the Goddess. Denver: Outskirts P, 2006.

Larrington, Carolyne, trans. The Poetic Edda. New York: Oxford UP, 1996.

Magnusson, Eirir and William Morris, trans. The Tale of Hogni and Hedinn. May 2003.

Magnusson, Magnus and Hermann Pálsson, trans. The Vinland Sagas. London: Penguin, 1965.

McNallen, Stephen. Rituals of Asatru: Volume One. Texas: Breckenridge, 1985.

Mitchell, Stephen. Witchcraft and Magic in the Nordic Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

Mountfort, Paul Rhys. Nordic Runes. Rochester: Destiny Books, 2003.

Murphy, G. Ronald, trans. The Heliand: The Saxon Gospel. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992.

Murphy, G. Ronald. The Saxon Savior: The Germanic Transformation of the Gospel in the Ninth Century. Heliand. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1989.

Musset, Lucien. The Germanic Invasions: The Making of Europe 400-600 AD. Edward and Columba James, trans. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1975.

Nasstrom, Britt-Mari. Freyja: The Great Goddess of the North. Cape Cod: Clock and Rose P, 2003.

Nielsen, Hans Frede. The Germanic Languages: Origins and Early Dialectal Interrelations. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1989.

Nordal, Gudrun. Ethics and Action in Thirteenth-Century Iceland. The Viking Collection: Studies in Northern Civilization. Volume 11. Preben Meulengracht Sorensen and Gerd Wolfgang Weber, Eds. Odense: Odense UP, 1998.

Orchard, Andy, trans. The Elder Edda: A Book of Viking Lore. London: Penguin Books, 2011.

Örnólfur Thorsson, ed. Sagas of the Warrior-Poets. London: Penguin, 1997.

Osborn, Marijane and Stella Longland. Rune Games. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987.

Owen, Francis. The Germanic People: Their Origin, Expansion, and Culture. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1960.

Owen, Gale R. Rites and Religions of the Anglo-Saxons. New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1981.

Page, R. I. Norse Myths. Austin: U of Texas P, 1990.

Page, R. I. Runes: Reading the Past. Berkeley: U of California P, 1987.

Patricia Terry, trans. The Poetic Edda. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P. 1990.

Paxson, Diana L. Taking Up the Runes: A Complete Guide to Using Runes in Spells, Rituals, Divination and Magic. York Beach: Red Wheel/Weiser, 2005.

Paxson, Diana. Essential Asatru: Walking the Path of Norse Paganism. New York: Citadel, 2006.

Peterson, James M. The Enchanted Alphabet: A Guide to Authentic Rune Magic and Divination. Northamptonshire: Aquarian P, 1988.

Pollington, Stephen. An Introduction to the Old English Language and Its Literature. Rev. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 1996.

Pollington, Stephen. Rudiments of Runelore. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 1995.

Pollington, Stephen. The Mead-Hall: Feasting in Anglo-Saxon England. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 2003.

Pólsson, Hermann, trans. Orkneyinga Saga: The History of the Earls of Orkney. London: Penguin, 1981.

Porter, John, trans. Beowulf: Text and Translation. Norfolk: Anglo-Saxon Books, 1995.

Price, Neil. The Viking Way: Religion and War in Late Iron Age Scandinavia. Uppsala: Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, 2002.

Quinn, Judy. "'Ok verðr henni ljóð á munni' — Eddic Prophecy in the fornaldarsögur." alvíssmál 8 (1998): 29-50. 21 August 2011 < >.

Rafnsson, Magnús. Two Icelandic Books of Magic. Hólmavík: Strandagaldur Museum of Icelandic Sorcery & Witchcraft, 2008. Available at:

Raudvere, Catharina.  'Trolldomr in Early Medieval Scandaniva.' In: Ankarloo B & Clark S, editors.  Witchcraft & Magic in Europe: The Middle Ages.  2002.  pgs 73-172.

Robinson, Orrin W. Old English and Its Closest Relatives: A Survey of the Earliest Germanic Languages. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1992.

Rodrigues, Louis J. Anglo-Saxon Verse Charms, Maxims, and Heroic Legends. Middlesex: Anglo-Saxon Books. 1993

Roesdahl, Else. The Vikings. London: Penguin, 1998.

Russell, James C. The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1994.

Sheffield, Ann "Groa."  Frey, God of the World. Meadville: Medoburg Kindred, 2002.

Simek, Rudolf. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. Angela Hall, trans. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1993.

Simpson, Jacqueline. Icelandic Folktales and Legends. Berkeley: U of California P, 1979.

Smith, Goldwin. England: A Short History. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1971.

Smith, Michael. Think Again! Thinking Like a Heathen in the Modern Era. New Hampshire: Harvest Moon Pub., 2004.

Smith, Michael. Ways of the Asatru: Beliefs of the Modern, Northern Heathens. New Hampshire: Harvest Moon Pub, 2003.

Sturluson, Snorri. Heimskringla: History of the Kings of Norway Trans. Lee M. Hollander. Austin: U of Texas P, 2002.

Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda Trans. Anthony Faulkes. London: Everyman, 1987.

Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda. Jesse L. Byock, trans. New York: Penguin, 2005.

Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda. Rasmus B. Anderson, trans. Chicago: Scott, Foresman and Co., 1897.

Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda. Trans. Jean I. Young. Berkeley: U of California P., 1954.

Tacitus. The Agricola and the Germania. H. Mattingly, trans. S. A. Handford, trans. revised. London: Penguin, 1970.

Taylor, Arnold R. Icelandic-English/English Icelandic Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1990.

Thorsson, Edred. A Book of Troth. Smithville: Rûna-Raven P, 2003.

Thorsson, Edred. Futhark: A Handbook of Rune Magic. York Beach: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1984.

Thorsson, Edred. Northern Magic: Mysteries of the Norse, Germans, and English. Saint Paul: Llewellyn, 1993.

Thorsson, Edred. Runelore. York Beach: Samuel Weiser, 1987.

Todd, Malcolm. Everyday Life of the Barbarians: Goths, Franks, and Vandals. New York: Dorset P, 1972.

Todd, Malcolm. The Early Germans. 2nd ed. Malden: Blackwell, 2004.

Todd, Malcolm. The Early Germans. Second Edition. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004.

Todd, Malcolm. The Northern Barbarians 100 BC-AD 300. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

Tolley, Clive. Shamanism in Norse Myth and Magic. Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 2009.

Turville-Petre, E. Gabriel. Myth and Religion of the North: The Religion of Ancient Scandinavia. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1975.

Volsungasaga:  Any translation available, but Byock is a good choice:  Byock, Jesse L., trans. The Saga of the Volsungs: The Norse Epic of Sigurd the Dragon Slayer. Berkeley: U of California P, 1990.

Wallace-Hadrill, J.M. The Barbarian West 400-1000. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1985.

Wells, Peter S. The Barbarians Speak:  How the Conquered Peoples Shaped Roman Europe. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1999.

Wells, Peter. Barbarians to Angels: The Dark Ages Reconsidered. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2009.

Wódening, Eric. We Are Our Deeds. Watertown: Theod, 1998.

Wolfram, Herwig. History of the Goths. Berkeley: U of California P, 1990.